What to choose: component or coaxial acoustic system
Even if we assume that not all car owners are music lovers, the number of those who are not satisfied with the sound quality of the car audio system is rather high.
Having realized the necessity of its replacement with qualitative reproducing equipment, many are faced with a dilemma, which again rests on the price/quality ratio. Simply put, they are faced with a difficult choice between coaxial and component speakers.
In search of the “right” choice one can pore over specialized literature for months, studying the principles of construction of such systems and finally come to the conclusion that it would be easier to consider the advantages and disadvantages of each system, their features and differences, and based on this make the final decision. That is exactly what we are going to do now.
What is coaxial acoustics
Roughly speaking, it is one or more speakers connected in a common structure, but “broadcasting” at different frequencies.
The simplest and most affordable option is the usual broadband speaker. Coaxial loudspeaker has more opportunities in terms of sound – it covers a wider bandwidth of acoustic signals reproduction.
Let’s consider the design features of the coaxial speaker system:
- combining several speakers in one enclosure;
- reproduction of different frequencies is achieved by splitting the signal into regions;
- In order to achieve this division of the signal coming to the speaker from the “head”, a crossover is used. It may be housed in a separate enclosure, or it may be an ordinary capacitor (this solution is used in low-cost models).
However, the crossover, which is a kind of “capacitor – inductance” circuit, is used with equal success in component speakers along with coaxial. Its job, as you’ve learned, is to distribute the entire spectrum of sound frequencies to the individual audio channels or tracks.
The quality of the sound will depend to a great extent on the choice of the correct system components, so treat the study of this issue with appropriate attention.
The main advantage of coaxial speakers is the ability to form a decent sounding system for a modest amount of money. In addition, the installation of such a scheme usually does not cause difficulties if all the work is carried out step by step in accordance with the following simple algorithm:
- mount the purchased acoustic equipment on the regular place;
- Connect the speakers to the car radio or alternatively to the amplifier.
In comparison with regular acoustics the coaxial one will be a noticeable step forward. But it is still far away from the high quality acoustic systems, and there is no way to reach it – the only speaker is simply not able to reproduce the entire spectrum of frequencies, there is a mixing of frequencies, this phenomenon is impossible to avoid, and the sound quality suffers.
Component speaker system, as the name implies, consists of many components, with each speaker specializing in reproducing a particular frequency range, requiring connection to a separate channel of the amplifier / car stereo.
In such a loudspeaker system, all the components work as smoothly as possible without interfering with each other.
But the price you have to pay for quality is:
- high cost of equipment;
- higher requirements to the boombox, that is, again, you will have to pay for it;
- complexity of installation (in order to build such a system yourself, you will have to thoroughly prepare, digging through a mountain of material on the Internet);
- You will have to worry about installing additional soundproofing materials in the cabin.
The difference between coaxial and component systems
Having considered the main features of the two varieties of systems, let’s take a closer look at what the difference between component and coaxial acoustics is.
All structural and other differences are divided into several subspecies:
- Location of the speakers in the car. In coaxial systems, sound transmission is narrowly focused, so the speakers are usually mounted on a shelf behind the back row of seats. A component system is characterized by surround sound, and such multidirectional sound waves spread well around the cabin, so they are often installed in the front of the car. But since all the speakers have different frequency characteristics, you will need a thorough tuning of the acoustics to achieve the perfect sound. But there is no point in installing component sound in small compact cars – you will not notice the difference in sound because of the small space, insufficient for dispersion of sound waves.
- The presence of a crossover. As a rule, this component is present in both types of devices, but in coaxial systems the crossover is hidden inside the speaker, and in component – it is an external device that requires additional space for installation.
- Installation Features. What differentiates coaxial speakers from component speakers is the complexity of installation. Of course, in both cases, you will need to have the appropriate knowledge and skills. For example, when installing component speakers, the prerequisite is the correct placement of the speakers, taking into account the presence of different sound zones. Most likely, you will need additional soundproofing of the interior. You need to understand these issues, and if it is a “dark forest” for you, it is better to contact the professionals. Another thing is a coaxial system. Here everything is much easier, the speakers are usually installed at the back, and most of the models offered in retail have the dimensions and shape suitable for installation in regular places.
- System price. For many, the difference in cost of coaxial and component speakers is the main factor determining the choice. Their argument is simple: the difference in sound quality is not so important as for inveterate audiophiles, so why pay triple price if the sound is still not perfect in a moving car because of the extraneous noise.
What to choose
We have considered in detail all aspects related to the features, advantages and disadvantages of both types of systems. At the same time we are sure that this information was not enough for many readers to lean towards a particular decision.
So, let’s summarize which speakers are better: component or coaxial.
The latter are characterized by a simple design and lack of difficulty with the installation. Having an affordable cost, this option will be the most acceptable for most motorists. But even here there are nuances, as there are products equipped with additional filters that improve sound quality and cost accordingly.
Component speakers are the choice of those who have very high requirements to sound reproduction. In addition to sound purity, such systems are characterized by increased power and sound saturation. At the same time there is an opportunity to implement several installation options, allowing you to finely adjust the volume of sound reproduction from different points of the salon. But the cost of such equipment is much higher.
When choosing, you should also take into account the capabilities of your car radio. If the output signal quality is unimpressive, no acoustics will improve it, and in most cases the difference in sound will be barely noticeable. So here again there is a dilemma: install coaxial or splurge on the car radio as well.
Perfect sound is possible only with careful selection of all components of audio system, from radio to speakers, from sound insulation to subwoofer and amplifier. Of course, in this case the choice will be only in favor of component system.
What is the difference between coaxial and component speakers, which one to choose?
A trip in a car without music turns into a real torture. In this case, the requirements to the sound quality are individual for every motorist. Some are satisfied with a slight musical “background” in the background, while others need a clear and rich sound.
That’s why when choosing speakers the question becomes what option to give preference to – coaxial or component acoustics.
What is a coaxial speaker?
Coaxial acoustics is a stereo system based on two or more acoustic devices, capable of operating at different frequencies, combined in a single design.
It is believed that multiband speakers produce better sound. But this is not true. Practice has shown that increasing the number of speakers (over two) makes no sense.
Coaxial acoustics has a number of advantages – the ease of installation, the emission of frequencies from one point and so on.
Minus – the location of the high-frequency speaker (two or more) in the path of sound waves emanating from another (midbass) speaker, which is located at the lower level.
In addition, such speakers are equipped with the simplest version of separation filters.
Examples of coaxial speakers:
Pioneer TS-1339R – speakers that are suitable for owners of locally made cars. It comes with two round speakers with a size of 130 mm. The mounting depth of the device is 5.53 cm, which simplifies the installation process. The cones of the coaxial speakers are made of polypropylene, and the suspension is based on NBR rubber. The acoustics refers to a series of three-way, which opens the way for the application of speakers with different frequencies (low, medium and high). The maximum (rated) power is 200 (40) watts respectively. Frequency is 40 Hz-30 kHz. The speakers have a standard impedance, which is 4 ohms. External crossover is provided. Installation of the structure is carried out in the factory holes.
What is component acoustics?
Component acoustics is a stereo device, which includes 2-3 speakers (sometimes there are more than three, but this is rare).
The main difference is in the frequency separation of the speakers into separate devices. At the same time, each speaker radiates sound in an individual range, which eliminates frequency crossover.
Component speakers are manufactured using modern technologies. Crossovers are included to guarantee better sound quality.
Frequency separation provides room for maneuvering in the placement of speakers, which guarantees the creation of a single sound “picture”.
Installation of such systems is difficult for motorists, but the sound quality is better.
Examples of component speakers:
Pioneer TS-G173CI is a component stereo system, which can replace the average speaker system in any car. The advantages are reproduction of clear and high quality sound. Speaker power is increased to 280W, sensitivity is high, distortion is minimal. All this guarantees the long-awaited quality. Thanks to new production technologies, the speakers have a modern and attractive design. The speakers are quickly installed and give the interior solidity. The set includes four “two-way” speakers, which have a round shape.
What is the difference between coaxial and component speakers?
The main difference between the two systems, which is worth highlighting – the location of sound sources in the cabin in relation to each other.
The overall design of the coaxial speakers guarantees a narrow focus of sound, so the speakers are mounted in a special shelf behind the rear seats.
In the front, as a rule, component speakers are installed.
Unlike coaxial, component systems provide supersound, i.e. voluminous and high-quality sound spread throughout the cabin.
The problem is that each speaker (woofer, midrange and tweeter) reproduces sound at an individual frequency, which requires tuning.
In a coaxial system, the frequencies are combined, which makes the sound not so clear.
As practice shows, for cars with a small cabin component speakers will not suit due to the lack of difference in quality (there is no point in spending more).
It is worth highlighting the technical difference, which is the presence of a crossover.
In coaxial systems it plays the role of a filter. In addition, in component speakers it is external, and in coaxial – internal.
Another difference worth noting is the type of installation of the device. The speakers that are installed at the factory, it is difficult to call a stereo system.
The sound system of coaxial or component type lies on the “conscience” of the owner of the car. Installation will require some knowledge, but with the right approach and following the basic principles problems rarely arise.
When installing component acoustics, it is worth taking into account the presence of acoustic zones. In this case, it is mandatory to equip shelves and the use of noise insulation.
Sound quality also depends on the radio.
The worse the quality at the output, the less sense it makes to spend time and money on mounting an expensive component system (there will be no difference in sound).
But if a car enthusiast is not too picky about quality and can do with a radio or a regular chanson on the road, a coaxial speaker is just right.
The key factor is the price of the acoustic system. Here it is easy to make a comparison.
Component speakers are more expensive than their “younger brothers”. In addition, its installation causes certain difficulties for car enthusiasts. An exception is the transformer systems, which transform component speakers into coaxial one with the help of special fasteners.
So, the speakers have the following differences:
- In a coaxial speaker, the speakers produce sound at different frequencies that come from the same device. In a component speaker, each speaker is independent.
- Coaxial speakers guarantee a narrow focus of sound, while component speakers guarantee surround sound.
- Coaxial speakers have a built-in crossover, while component speakers have an external one.
- Installation of component speakers is more complicated and requires some knowledge.
- The cost of coaxial speakers is lower.
Which acoustic system is better – coaxial or component?
Each motorist decides for himself which acoustic system he/she prefers (taking into consideration personal preferences).
Coaxial speakers are simple in design and easy to install. In this case the tweeter and the woofer are radiated by one speaker.
The advantages are low price. Minus – average sound quality and limited tuning.
Component acoustics – an advanced version, which includes speakers that emit different frequencies and a crossover used for frequency separation.
The cleverness of the design opens up avenues for experimenting with sound quality. All you need to do is choose the correct positioning of the speaker and the place where it is to be installed.
Such a loudspeaker has a high price and requires a careful approach to installation (as a rule, the work is performed by specialists).
If there are no special requirements for clarity and sound quality, then coaxial speakers will be enough.
Real audiophiles, who are demanding to sound and used to listen to your favorite music on the systems of the elite class, it is worth to stop at component acoustics.
Tips for choosing speakers for the car
When choosing a speaker system for the car, follow a few tips:
- Understand the features of component and coaxial equipment, as discussed above. Unfortunately, many car enthusiasts do not see the difference between these devices, considering them identical. But, as you can see from the article, this is not the case. When installing component speakers, it is worth engaging professional craftsmen, who will be able to accurately perform the installation and tuning of the system.
- Do not get hung up on the power. The mistake of many car enthusiasts is that they focus only on the power of the speakers when choosing. This approach is wrong. Power shows the highest threshold at which the devices give a decent sound quality. Most often the parameter is 20-30 watts.
- Pay attention to the installation. If the installation requires the manufacture of additional structures, it is worth considering. So, for frontal system is suitable mounting in regular places. If necessary, make modifications. The maximum diameter of the speakers is 16 centimeters. Fulfilling this requirement simplifies the setup in relation to the subwoofer.
The bottom line
Powerful, clear and voluminous sound in the cabin of the car is still worth earning. To do this, it is worth spending time on the choice of speakers, the choice of location for installation and, in fact, the installation itself. Do not save money on quality and the involvement of a specialist.
Disappointment from the incorrect installation will be greater than the insult from the wasted money on the wizard.