Exhaust smoke: blue, white, black
What will the color of the smoke from the exhaust pipe tell you: black, blue (bluish) or white, each color has its own meaning. What will the color of the smoke from the exhaust pipe tell you: black, blue (bluish) or white, each color has its own meaning.
Everyone knows – when the engine smokes, it’s “not good”. Many people think that without an autopsy and defectology it is impossible to determine the cause of smoke from the exhaust pipe. Yes, with the kind of accuracy that this procedure shows, it is impossible. But there are a number of signs that help to determine the malfunction even before disassembly – this allows you to predict the time and money costs for repairs.
Black smoke: gasoline engine
Black smoke from the exhaust pipe of a gasoline engine – this is a consequence of burning too much fuel, that is, a highly over-enriched mixture. In such a case, there are several options for malfunction, which are worth checking:
Adjust the carburetor. If there is not enough knowledge and practice in this area, you should not try to do it yourself – it is a very delicate process that requires extreme accuracy and a complete understanding of the case.
Black smoke: diesel engine
Here, the causes are almost the same, there are only a few more subtle points. If there is black smoke coming out of the exhaust on a diesel, there are several possible causes to check:
Too much pressure in the ramp. A Common Rail diesel engine has a high-pressure fuel pump (HPP) that needs to be calibrated. So, if its setting is wrong, you will see the following picture.
Blue smoke: gasoline engine
In such a situation, you need to be ready for repair. If the engine smokes blue smoke, this is a sure sign of oil in the cylinders. How it gets there is another question, as a rule, it is a consequence of the wear and tear of parts.
The engine is smoking blue smoke because the oil burns together with the gasoline. So, it’s worth thinking about where it’s coming from. There are only two ways: from below and from above.
Worn oil caps cause blue smoke to come out of the exhaust. Typically, an engine smokes blue smoke after an oil change, especially if the change was not done in time. The fact is that old, dirty oil has a higher viscosity, and the debris and dirt that is in it plays the role of the oil seal. So, as long as the old oil is in, the engine runs more or less normally. The new oil flushes it all out, and then the oil cap becomes the filler neck.
If the engine is smoking with blue smoke, it is necessary to pay attention to the oil level and to watch it constantly, because the “oil burn” will show in any case. After such faults have appeared, it is desirable to curb one’s appetites and not to rev the engine above 3,000 rpm.
It is necessary to check the color of smoke when the engine is hot, ideally when starting downhill. It is also worth paying attention to the exhaust pipe – it must be dry. The oil by its nature does not burn in the cylinders, but flies out to the exhaust duct with gases. Accordingly, its residues will be visible on the nozzle.
The diesel engine has exactly the same reasons, therefore there is no sense to consider it separately.
White smoke from the exhaust: causes, remedies
It also happens that the engine smokes white smoke. In this case you should first pay attention to the weather conditions – it can be just steam, because the exhaust gases have a rather high temperature. If there is no condensation on the pipe, you should pay attention to the color of the spark plugs. In all probability, they will have the same white patina, as well as the color of smoke. In such a case the problem is in a poor mixture. So, white smoke from the exhaust pipe can come from several reasons:
Faulty fuel pump, as a consequence, insufficient pressure in the fuel ramp and lack of fuel in the combustible mixture.
What are the dangers of exhaust fumes: black, blue or white?
It goes without saying that blue smoke from the muffler can lead to the greatest consequences. On the one hand it is a trifle. On the other hand, there are complex, well-planned processes going on in the engine. Deviation from the algorithm leads to malfunction.
For example, oil, getting into the exhaust manifold, settles on the valve seats. They have a very high temperature, so it instantly burns, forming a rather thick coke layer. Because of this, the valve is incompletely closed, thus reducing engine compression. Certainly, it will hardly lead to a breakdown, but it will be rather troublesome. It is possible to search for the reason that the engine does not pull and does not develop speed forever. Well, soon it will lead to the valve being constantly open, and it will cause popping into a muffler, increased fuel consumption, difficult start in cold season.
Besides, it can lead to the fact that rings will get stuck in grooves and cracking is required. It is worth mentioning that this is not all the reasons why the engine is smoking, there can be many more.
Smoke from the exhaust pipe: white, black, blue, gray. How to solve the problem?
Many drivers have that bad morning one day when they see thick smoke coming from the tailpipe of their car. The first thing we start thinking about is a serious engine problem. But it’s not always that pessimistic.
Today, we’re going to discuss the main causes and situations where your car may be blowing a lot of smoke through the tailpipe. And we’ll also look at how you can remedy the situation.
Why is there thick white smoke coming out of the tailpipe?
White smoke is the most popular color of unhealthy exhaust, so let’s start there. And this is where you’ll need to look at how thick the smoke is billowing out of the car. If it’s too thick and abundant, the problems can be pretty serious. Thick white smoke usually comes from a burst cylinder-head gasket, cracks in the cylinder block. It can also be any other malfunction that has caused the antifreeze inside the engine to leak. The coolant starts to burn, and this forms a thick white smoke.
But a small amount of smoke may mean that some water has just accumulated in the exhaust pipe, and it has started to evaporate when the pipe gets hot. It could be condensation, which often forms in the pipe in the fall and spring, when the temperature difference between day ?? and night is quite large.
A little white smoke from the exhaust is not so bad. Sometimes it can be perfectly normal for a car. You may also see gray smoke in small quantities – this is normal for many cars. But keep a close eye on the situation. If the pipe smokes more and more, it is better to consult the specialists at the service station.
What can black smoke from the exhaust when accelerating mean?
Black smoke is common in diesel engines. But gasoline cars can also sometimes smoke black smoke. In most cases, the problem will be in the fuel system. The engine may be burning too much fuel, and there are several reasons for this:
- A dirty injection system;
- errors in electronic systems and sensors;
- a clogged manifold;
- poor fuel quality;
- long idle time of the engine;
- improper operation of the fuel pump.
The problem can be diagnosed with the help of computer equipment. Sometimes you just need to replace the filter or clean the fuel injection system.
In diesel vehicles, black smoke can also appear when the particulate filter needs to be replaced, or there are problems with the exhaust gas recirculation system.
What does blue exhaust smoke mean?
Blue smoke from the exhaust means that the oil is burning along with the fuel in the combustion chamber. This can be the result of a leaking valve packing, a rusted valve, or lodged piston rings. The problem may also be a dying engine with too much mileage.
When oil gets into the combustion chamber, it starts to burn because of the high temperatures. This leads to blue smoke and also causes the oil level to drop and the engine to wear down faster.
Why is there smoke coming out of the exhaust pipe when idling?
When the engine is idling, there shouldn’t be a lot of smoke coming out of the tailpipe. If you see an excessive amount of smoke, you should check its color and then read the first paragraphs of this article to find out what might be wrong.
Keep in mind that in the cold of winter, the engine may emit smoke at idle due to temperature differences. Also, the smoke will be more noticeable when the humidity is high enough.
Why does the car smoke when accelerating sharply?
For many engines, this will be a normal phenomenon. But only if the car puffs a moderately large amount of smoke when the accelerator pedal is pressed hard once. The fuel mixture is enriched too quickly, which causes the smoke when accelerating sharply.
When accelerating more slowly and idling, the car should not exhibit much smoke. Otherwise, you will need to check the engine and find out the reason why the engine is smoking.
Why does smoke come out of the exhaust pipe when you start the engine?
If you start your engine every day and still see a lot of smoke when you start your car, there is a problem to look out for. If the car is started after a long downtime, the engine may smoke until it is running at optimal rpm and the fuel mixture is normal. Also, the fuel in such cars may be quite old, so it is worth rolling it out, buying fresh gasoline or diesel fuel and only then make any conclusions.
If the car only smokes when you start it, it shouldn’t be a big problem. But if the smoke keeps coming out of the tailpipe after a long drive, the problem must be in the engine. Pay attention to the thickness and color of the smoke to find out what’s going on with the car.
Why is there smoke coming out of the exhaust when the air conditioner is on?
There shouldn’t be any connection between the smoke from the exhaust pipe and the air conditioner in your car. But, nevertheless, the air conditioner produces a certain amount of condensate, and sometimes it can get on the exhaust pipe and evaporate because of the high temperature. In this case, smoke or, better to say, steam will come out of the outer parts of the pipe, not from the inside.
Smoke coming out of the tailpipe when you overclock.
When you increase the engine speed to 3,000 rpm or more and see black or gray smoke coming out of the pipe, it usually means that the engine is burning oil and may soon fail. Also, in such cases, the oil level will gradually drop, so keep an eye on that.
If the smoke is white with water droplets, there are two possibilities. One: there is water in the pipe and it evaporates quickly – this is a good option. The second: the engine is burning coolant and needs to be repaired – this option is much worse for the vehicle owner.